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#014


IEA
Newsletter

Imatge butlleti Educació
 

Catalàn / Castellano / English

:: Coming Political Events

Elections to the Parliament of Catalonia will take place next 28th of November. The polls seem to indicate that there may be a change of governmental majorities. Currently, the left-wing three-party coalition government (PSC-ERC-ICV-EUiA) is in office since 2003.
(+) to know more about the polls.

To know more about the current party composition of the Catalan Parliament and of the other autonomous-community assemblies, click on the IEA web page.


:: Self-Government in Spain: Recent Developments


The Spanish Government has come to an agreement with the Basque Nationalist Party and Canarian Coalition to get the necessary support for the passing of the Budget Bill for 2011
The Spanish Prime Minister, Jose Luís Rodríguez Zapatero, has come to an agreement with the chairman of the Basque nationalist party (PNV) and the chairman of the Canarian nationalist party (CC) to get the necessary parliamentary support for the Central Government to pass its 2011 Budget Bill. The agreement also includes their further support to other bills the Government may submit to surmount the economic crisis.
(+) to know more about the Budget Bill negotiation.

Immediately after its final approval in June 2006, the new Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia was challenged before the Spanish Constitutional Court by 99 MPs of the Spanish conservative party, the Partido Popular. Four years later and after a long and extremely politicized process in which the judges failed to agree on several draft rulings, in June 2010 the judges reached an agreement and finally delivered their sentence which established that 14 articles were totally or partially unconstitutional and which specified how several other articles should be interpreted in the future.

The ruling had an impressively negative impact upon the Catalan civil society. On 10th of July, between 1, 5 million –according to the organizers and the Catalan official statistics office- and 100,000 people -according to some centralist-leaning media– marched in Barcelona to protest against the ruling and to claim that Catalonia be a nation.

The ruling had, of course, highly controversial academic and practical impacts. From an academic point of view, the ruling has generated a high controversy. We have selected some publications and documents that analyze the ruling and its practical consequences. Three of these publications are special issues of different journals. The contents are in Spanish and Catalan. In addition, we have included in this selection the first issue of a new digital publication, In-Transit, a quarterly publication in English about Catalonia.

Apart from these periodical publications, the selection includes an IEA document summarizing the main legal points about the ruling; an article by the IEA director, Prof. Carles Viver on the legal consequences of the ruling; and the report that the Government of Catalonia commissioned to analyze the legal impacts of the Court’s ruling on the Catalan Statute of Autonomy. The first two documents are in English. The third one is in Spanish but soon, in the next following weeks, would be available in English at our web page. Apart from all these documents, we echo the reaction that, in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament, a MP of the Party of Wales/Plaid Cymru had about the ruling through an Early Day Motion.

Special issues
In-Transit
Revista Catalana de Dret Públic
Activitat Parlamentària
El Cronista del Estado Social y Democrático de Derecho


Documents
Summary of the Ruling

“The legal effects of the ruling on the Catalan Statute”, Carles Viver Pi-Sunyer, (the article was originally published in Spanish in El País, 20 July 2010).

Report on the Legal Consequences of the Constitutional Court’s Ruling on the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia (in Spanish). The document would be soon available in English at the IEA web page.

Early Day Motion 509, 14.07.2010

Proposal to reform the Statute of Autonomy of Extremadura
Currently there is only one process in progress: the proposal to reform the Statute of Autonomy of Extremadura which is still pending in the Spanish Lower Chamber (Congreso de los Diputados). Regarding other processes, it should be noted the withdrawal of the proposal to reform the Statute of Castile-La Mancha, as well as the passing of the reform of the Organic Law on the Reintegration and Improvement of the Foral Regime of Navarre, the equivalent to an Statute of Autonomy for Navarra.
Comparative table of the reforms of the statutes of Catalonia, Navarre and Extremadura (in Spanish).
Public file about the Proposal to reform the Statute of Extremadura, Congreso de los Diputados (in Spanish).

The Withdrawn of the Proposal to Reform the Statute of Autonomy of Castile-La Mancha
Three years after the initial steps to reform the Statute of Autonomy of Castile-La Mancha were taken, the regional parliament, at the initiative of the socialist group, passed a resolution addressed to withdraw the proposal from the Congreso de los Diputados . The regional parliament approved the withdrawal of the proposal on April, with the support of twenty-six votes out of the 47-seats regional parliament, all from the socialist parliamentary group – in government. The remaining 21 parliamentary members, all from the Conservative group (PP), voted against it.

Water management and, most specifically, the political intention to include in the Statute of Autonomy certain aspects related to the management of cross-regional water transfers (a matter falling under the powers of Central Government) was by far the most controversial issue. Once the proposal had been submitted to the Congreso and parliamentary debates initiated, the water question became a highly controversial issue which generated irreconcilable discrepancies between the two main state-wide parties, the socialists (PSOE) and the conservatives (PP). Given the composition of the Congreso and the overall majority required to pass a Statute of Autonomy, no approval was possible without the votes in favour of both the PSOE and the PP. Therefore, the lack of agreement between these two parties brought the process to a total deadlock. As a result, the regional socialist government announced its intention to withdraw the proposal and so it did by promoting the parliamentary resolution in the regional parliament.

To know more about the institutional aspects of Castile-La Mancha, click on the map of the IEA web page.

One Step Forward Towards the Breaking of the Homogeneity in the Electoral Schedule of the Autonomous Communities
Last September 30, the Congreso de los Diputados passed the Bill for the reform of Organic Law 13/1982, of August 10, on Reintegration and Improvement of the Foral Regime of Navarre (LORAFNA), the equivalent to a Statute of Autonomy. This reform is basically addressed to provide Navarra with the formal institutional capacity to control its own electoral schedule. Such a reform has also been addressed in other newly reformed statutes of autonomy and, therefore, has established the institutional bases for breaking the to-day homogenous regional electoral calendar applying to the majority of the autonomous communities.
(+) to know more about electoral scheduling regulations.
In Force Regulations of the Power of the Regional Prime Ministers to Dissolve the Assembly (in Spanish).

The Seventh Meeting in Logroño between Autonomous Communities for the Development of their respective Statutes of Autonomy took place on 5 July. It was attended by Vice Presidents, Counsellors and Senior Civil Servants from nine Autonomous Communities (La Rioja, Basque Country, Catalonia, Galicia, Andalusia, Valencia, Aragón, Castile-La Mancha, the Balearic Islands). The Autonomous Community of Madrid, which is also part of the forum, did not attend.

The number of Autonomous Communities taking part during the year has grown. The first meeting of this year, held in Palma in March, was attended by representatives of eight Autonomous Communities, and the last one, which took place in Santiago de Compostela on 18 th October 2010, was attended by Deputy Regional Prime Ministers and Ministers representing 12 Autonomous Communities. In this meeting, the Autonomous Communities agreed to institutionalize the meetings by creating a Transversal Conference of Autonomous-Community Governments.
(+) to know more about the "Meetings".

Press Release: the creation of a Sectorial Conference of Autonomous-Community Governments (in Catalan).

Institutes of Public Opinion: Opinion Surveys
Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas (Center for Sociological Research)
Barometer. July 2010
Barometer. June 2010
Barometer. May 2010
Barometer. April 2010
Barometer. March 2010
Barometer. February 2010

The Autonomous-Community Barometer. July 2010
In June 2010, the Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas (CIS) released the results of its macro-poll on the political attitudes towards the Spanish decentralized system. The sample is representative at state-wide and Autonomous-Community levels. You can find a general analysis of the results in Catalan which soon will be available in English at the IEA web pages.

Centre d’Estudis d’Opinió (Opinion Studies Centre). Government of Catalonia
Public Opinion Barometer. July de 2010
Public Opinion Barometer. May 2010

Gabinete de Prospección Sociológica (Office of sociological prospection). Government of the Basque Country
Euskal Soziometroa. Basque sociometer, 42. May 2009


:: Compilations


Autonomous-Community Legislation


Bilateral Comission Agreements

Bilateral commissions are intergovernmental bilateral bodies composed by representatives of both Central Government and the Autonomous Communities. In this sense, there are 17 bilateral commissions, one for each Autonomous Community.

The commissions were created in the late 1980 and their function is mainly addressed to be a negotiation forum that could avoid further formal constitutional conflicts brought before the Constitutional Court. Thus, bilateral commissions meet when one of the parts considers that a piece of legislation passed by the other part poses constitutional questions.

See at the IEA web page the IEA compilation document of updated information about the activity held in each bilateral commission (updated at 31st August 2010).

General aspects of the compilation to be highlighted:

General aspects
During the first 2010 semester, eight bilateral commissions have held meetings to initiate and conclude negotiations. These commissions are: Central Government- Aragon, Central Government-Catalonia; Central Government -Castile La Mancha, Central Government-Canaries, Central Government-Madrid Community; Central Government -Cantabria; Central Government-Extremadura and Central Government -Galicia.

The most active bilateral commission has been the Central Government -Catalonia commission which currently holds five pending negotiations. The second most active bilateral commission has been the Central Government-Galicia one, with three initiated negotiations pending their conclusion.

Negotiations and Appeals of Unconstitutionality
Five appeals of unconstitutionality filed to the Constitutional Court during the first semester of this year had previously been the subject of negotiations in bilateral commissions. Of these five appeals, four correspond to Royal Decree Law 9/2009, of 26 June, on bank restructuring and strengthening the credit entities' own resources. The Royal Decree Law was subject of negotiations in 5 bilateral commissions (Central Government -Galicia, Central Government-Catalonia, Central Government-Madrid Community; Central Government-Galicia and Central Government- Andalusia). Apart from Andalusia which reached an agreement with Central Government, the other 4 governments eventually brought the case before the Constitutional Court.

The other appeal refers to the appeal made by the Spanish Prime Minister against a law issued by the Catalan Parliament (Law 5/2009, regulating aspects of Catalan civil law).

Legislation subject of negotiation in more than one bilateral commission
The Spanish Law 25/2009, of 22 December, which transposes several aspects of the EU Directive 2006/123/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council, the “Services Directive, is the subject of negotiation in two commissions Central Government-Catalonia and Central Government-Autonomous Community of the Canaries. Negotiations started in March this year.

Constitutional Conflicts between the Autonomous Communities and Central Government

(In Spanish)

Conflicts on Distribution of Powers
Catalonia
Galicia

Appeals of Unconstitucionality
Appels against Autonomous-Community laws lodged by Central Government Institutions (January-August 2010)
Appeals against Spanish Laws Lodged by the Autonomous Communities (January-August 2010)


:: Events Organized at the IEA


Seminar organized at the IEA

:: IEA Publications


Palau Centelles, headquarters (detail)


Revista d'Estudis Autonòmics i Federals (REAF) (Journal of Regional and Federal Studies)

Issues can be found on the REAF webpage.

Researches who wish to send originals may do so by electronic mail to: reaf@gencat.cat. The articles undergo anonymous evaluation (double blind system).

Introducció al federalisme fiscal. Una anàlisi comparativa
George Anderson
Fuera de colección

Gobiernos locales en Estados federales y descentralizados: Alemania, Italia y Reino Unido

Francisco Velasco Caballero (dir.)
Colección "Con(Textos)/A", 12

El federalismo canadiense contemporáneo. Fundamentos, tradiciones e instituciones
Alain G-Gagnon (dir.)
Coedición IEA - Tirant lo Blanch - Université du Québec

Decentralizing and re-centralizing trends in the distribution of powers within federal countries
2008 IACFS Conference. Barcelona, September 19-20
Fuera de colección

La incidencia del Tratado de Lisboa en el ejercicio de las competencias autonómicas
Seminarios. Barcelona 17 de junio y 14 de septiembre
de 2009
Andreu Olesti Rayo (coord.)
"Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics" Collection #68

Les nacionalitats. Escrits i discursos sobre federalisme
Francesc Pi i Margall
"Clàssics del Federalisme" Collection

Antologia de textos
Valentí Almirall
"Clàssics del Federalisme" Collection

La política exterior dels ens subestatals a principis del segle XXI
Ferran Requejo (ed.)
"Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics" Collection #69

La gestió de les infraestructures a l'Estat autonòmic
Seminari. Barcelona, 21 d'octubre de 2009
"Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics" Collection #70

Homogeneïtat i diferència. Sobre la teoria de la distribució de competències entre Bund i Länder a Àustria
Peter Bussjäger
"Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics" Collection #71

Nacions a la recerca de reconeixement. Catalunya i el Quebec davant el seu futur
Seminari. Mont-real, 13-15 de maig de 2009

Alain G. Gagnon, Ferran Requejo (eds.)
"Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics" Collection #72

L'atribució de competències en matèria d'immigració a l'Estatut d'autonomia de Catalunya
Ferran Camas (dir.)
"Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics" Collection #73

:: Documentary and Bibliographic Holdings


Palau Centelles, mosaic (detail)

Documentary and Bibliographic Collection data base search.
Novelties concerning all the documentation in the Collection.
Summaries of articles from Spanish and foreign magazines.

For any queries concerning the data base of the Documentary Collection, contact Ms. Maite Batalla (mtbatalla@gencat.cat - Telephone 933 429 806).

:: Recent Publications of Interest


El concierto económico en Europa: El equilibrio entre la autonomía tributaria foral y la construcción de la Europa del futuro
Alonso Arce, Iñaki. Bilbao: Instituto Vasco de Administración Pública, 2010.

Les subvencions d'anivellament fiscal dels governs locals a Europa
Bosch, Núria; Marta Espasa; Elena Costas. Barcelona: Diputació de Barcelona, 2009.

Diversidad, derechos fundamentales y federalismo: un diálogo entre Canadá y España
Castellà Andreu, Josep Mª; Sébastien Grammond (coordinadors). Barcelona: Atelier, 2010.

Temi di Diritto regionale nella giurisprudenza costituzionale dopo le riforme
Cavalieri, Paolo (editor); Enzo Balboni; Ilaria Carlotto et al. Torino: G. Giappichelli Editore, 2008.

Decentralizing Governance: Emerging Concepts and Practices (Innovative Governance in the 21st Century)
Cheema, G. Shabbir (autor/editor); Dennis A. Rondinelli (editor). Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, June 4, 2007.

Regiones, Länder y Comunidades Autónomas en la Unión Europea
Cordal Rodríguez, Constantino. Santiago de Compostela: Andavira, 2010.

Aguas y urbanismo: análisis de las tensiones competenciales derivadas del proceso de descentralización territorial
Escartín Escudé, Víctor; Fernando López Ramón (pròleg); José Tudela Aranda (director). Zaragoza: Fundación Manuel Giménez Abad de Estudios Parlamentarios y del Estado Autonómico, 2010.

Doble oficialidad y lengua propia: dos lenguas y un territorio. Textos de Josep M. Puig Salellas
Franquesa Bonet, Ester; Lluís Jou Mirabent (editors). Madrid: Fundació Noguera, Marcial Pons, 2010.

Treinta años de Constitución
García Roca, Javier; Enoch Albertí et al. Valencia: Tirant Lo Blanch, 2010.

La coordinación de las organizaciones públicas y las relaciones intergubernamentales
Herrero Blasco, Aurelio. Valencia: Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, 2010.

La asignación de impuestos a las Comunidades Autónomas:desafíos y oportunidades
Lago Pelas, Santiago; Jorge Martínez Vázquez (coordinadors). Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Fiscales, 2010.

La excepcionalidad del modelo federal foral
Novo Arbona, Ainhoa. Valencia: Tirant Lo Blanch, Ciencia Política (29), 2010.

Informe sobre financiación local: balance y propuestas de reforma
Suárez Pandiello, Javier; Alfonso Utrilla de la Hoz; Maite Vilalta Ferrer. Barcelona: Fundación Democracia y Gobierno Local, 2010.

Estudios jurídicos sobre la fiscalidad lingüística: incentivos fiscales como instrumento de política lingüística
Urrutia Libarona, Iñigo; Alberto Atxabal Rada; Josefa Alcalde Amutxategi; Begoña Pérez De Eulate González; Zelai Nikolas Ezkurdia. Madrid: Editorial Aranzadi, 2010.

Imatge Generalitat de Catalunya

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